On July 20, 1969, American astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. Buzz Aldrin became the second astronaut to land on the moon. Michael Collins, the third of the three daring astronauts of the Apollo 11 mission, did not land on the moon. He remained in lunar orbit with the Apollo 11 spacecraft. The other two landed on the moon in the ‘Eagle’ lander. His small step was a huge achievement for mankind. Today is Chandrajoy’s 54th birthday.
Let’s get to know Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon…
The morning of July 16, 1969. A few kilometers around the US Cape Kennedy Space Center are unpopulated. Since last night, cars, jeeps, buses, boats and even small planes have been piled up in the entire area. Many people have made small tents as temporary residences. Some are under the open sky in good health. With cameras, binoculars, radios in their hands, they are eagerly waiting and waiting with excitement.
Most of them came to have fun. Some brought placards and banners in their hands to protest the US government’s huge waste of money in the space sector. But be it for or against, everyone present there that day knew that they were going to witness a great history of mankind today. This is a history that will not be old even if it is told for ages.
After a while, the Apollo 11 spacecraft will run to the surface of the moon, about 384 thousand kilometers away, with three adventurous astronauts. Not only that, this is the first time in human history that people will step outside the earth, step into the land of the old woman of the spinning moon. Yes, not a machine, but a whole aquatic person. Through this, the United States will respond to the ever-rivaling Soviet Union in the space race. So the entire United States (or mankind) as if on the wings of imagination went to the moon with three astronauts – Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins.
9:23 local time. On the horizon of Cape Kennedy, a bright light began to glow beneath the skyward rocket. With the roar of intense fire, the surroundings were covered in white smoke. The Saturn V rocket slowly began to run towards the sky with a tail of fire like a comet. His speed gradually increased. The command module and the lunar module are specially placed on top of the rocket. Meanwhile, three astronauts are grinding their teeth to break the strong bonds of gravity.
Thousands of people standing below burst into cheers as they watched Apollo 11 lift off from Earth’s gravity. Some, however, could not bear the burden of emotion and did not hesitate to cry. Just then, the excitement of the three astronauts sitting in the protected control room at the head of the rocket has now calmed down a lot. Because they have been waiting for this day for the past few years. That’s why all hard training has to be done in artificial environment. In many cases the training was harder than the reality. So the prophetic events were memorized by them.
3 hours after the Saturn V rocket’s launch, Columbia and Eagle separated from the rocket after reaching Earth’s orbit. Then the two astronauts together left the earth’s orbit and began a three-day journey to the moon. At the beginning of this long journey, the explorers launched the lunar module Eagle from the back of Columbia and attached it to Columbia. Then they started commuting between the two modules as needed. These two vehicles are named after the two national symbols of the USA. The first is the female form of America Columbia and the second is the national bird of the United States Eagle.
The previous Apollo missions were actually just preparations and rehearsals for this final Apollo 11 mission. So the three Apollo astronauts and NASA knew how to go this way. Before reaching the orbit of the moon, they tested the various instruments of the two modules to see if there were any faults. The three astronauts—Command Module Pilot Michael Collins, Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin, and Commander Neil Armstrong—could get little rest except for eating, sleeping, and live TV broadcasts with Earthlings.
American political scientist Samuel P. Huntington’s groundbreaking book The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order . In that book, he says, ‘Ordinary people, whether they realize it or not, always like to be divided into us and them, our group and theirs, our civilization and their barbarism.’ One such split, and the intense competition that arose from it, led to the United States’ plans for a mission to the moon. It was more political than scientific research. The US space agency-NASA’s Apollo missions actually started because of the Cold War with Russia (the then Soviet Union).
The rival Soviet Union was beating the United States one by one in space research. Russia (then Soviet Union) launched the first satellite into space, Sputnik-1. When that satellite was flying in the sky of the United States while sitting in the orbit of the earth, then the entire American people had nothing to do but look at it like a fly in the mouth. The first animal in space, a dog named Laika. He is also a Soviet achievement. Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space in 1961. Once again, the Soviet Union rose to fame around the world. As well as socialism. On June 16, 1963, Valentina Tereskova, the first woman and civilian, went into space aboard the Vostok 6 spacecraft. That achievement is also Soviet. Luna 2 was the first spacecraft to land on the moon. That achievement is also in the possession of the socialist Soviet Union. One after the other, one after the other, the socialist competition and scandal can be tolerated under the nose of the capitalist superpower. Compared to that, US achievements are nothing. They have also done everything in space. But to the whole world they are nothing but following in the footsteps of the Soviet Union. Therefore, the world did not find or remember the first American animal, the first man, the first woman sent into space. Despite the efforts of the US administration, it was never able to compete with the Soviet Union in space. But do capitalist Americans fall to socialism? The world that today is celebrating the victory of socialism? The world did not find or remember the first woman. Despite the efforts of the US administration, it was never able to compete with the Soviet Union in space. But do capitalist Americans fall to socialism? The world that today is celebrating the victory of socialism? The world did not find or remember the first woman. Despite the efforts of the US administration, it was never able to compete with the Soviet Union in space. But do capitalist Americans fall to socialism? The world that today is celebrating the victory of socialism? The world did not find or remember the first woman. Despite the efforts of the US administration, it was never able to compete with the Soviet Union in space. But do capitalist Americans fall to socialism? The world that today is celebrating the victory of socialism? The world did not find or remember the first woman. Despite the efforts of the US administration, it was never able to compete with the Soviet Union in space. But do capitalist Americans fall to socialism? The world that today is celebrating the victory of socialism?
In this way, the mountains of anger and humiliation began to accumulate in the minds of the American people. That anger finally came out as a volcano in the 1960 US presidential election. President Eisenhower was replaced by John F. Kennedy. In fact, Kennedy understood the mind of the American people. Realized that the Soviet Union had to beat the Soviet Union at any cost in space research (better said, competition). But how is that possible? Because they are already sitting first in all areas of space. After much discussion and debate, the Kennedy administration decided that the only way to respond to Soviet aggression was to send men to the moon. So in a joint session of Congress on May 25, 1961, he declared, ‘I believe,
Soon after Kennedy’s announcement, the era of the space race truly began in the United States. Despite the objections of many people, this time huge amount of money was allocated to the space research sector. About $25 billion was budgeted in 1960, which was 2.5% of America’s GDP. And this budget is given for 10 consecutive years. Of course, a class of American also got angry. Some scientists and researchers joined them. They claim that there is no point in wasting so much money just in the name of competition. Instead, money should be poured into other important research, including cancer.
As the criticism piled up, Kennedy was forced to respond. He gave the answer on September 12, 1962 while inaugurating NASA’s Manned Spaceflight Center at Rice University in Houston, USA. About 40,000 people were present in the football stadium there that day. Standing on the stage of the crowd, Kennedy said with a strong voice, ‘Many have asked the question, why do we want to go to the moon? Why have we set such goals? They may also ask, why do we climb the highest mountain? Why 35 years ago, crossed the Atlantic plane? In this decade we wanted to go to the moon…we wanted to go to the moon…we wanted to go to the moon.’
Before Kennedy finished speaking, the entire area erupted into loud applause and cheers from 40,000 people. At that roar, the opponents of the lunar expedition flew like hay in a basket. The Kennedy administration cared little about critics. Saj saj Rob fell all over the United States. NASA began to make extensive preparations to send people to the moon. Hundreds of thousands of people joined it. The Gemini Project began at the end of Eisenhower’s term. Even the Apollo project was thought of. His sails also feel a strong wind this time. A new project named Apollo begins. Named after the Greek god of light, music and sun. Named by NASA manager Abbey Silverstein. One evening in the early 1960s at his home, he suddenly remembered to give the name. Abe felt that there could be no more appropriate name for such a large program proposed by NASA, as Apollo travels in his chariot.
But Kennedy was acquitted by declaration. When the US was thinking about sending a man to the moon, they didn’t really have that power. They did not have advanced computers, rockets, spacesuits or other technologies like today. American scientists had no idea what obstacles to face on the way, which way, how to go. It is a remarkable example of human history that the impossible can be made possible in just 9 years, despite many other lacks and unknowns. But unfortunately Kennedy could not see it. He was killed by an assailant on November 22, 1963.
February 21, 1967. At that time, Kennedy was the 35th US president killed by an assassin. In 1963, NASA’s rocket launch site in Florida was named Cape Kennedy in his memory. The first manned program of the Apollo project will start from here. A few days later, Apollo 1 will be tested in low Earth orbit. Today will be given his practice. Previous Gemini missions usually carried one or two astronauts on rockets. But this time three astronauts will go to space. They are Virgil Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee. The final rehearsal of the campaign was underway in the command module mounted on the rocket’s head. At the beginning of the work, a spark suddenly appeared from the electric wire. Due to the presence of pure oxygen in the control room, the fire immediately spread to various devices made of flammable materials in the control room. The three astronauts burned to nothing but coal in the blink of an eye. 27 other workers were killed along with them that day.
The accident was a major setback for the Apollo missions at the outset. Many feared that the Apollo missions were doomed at the start. But instead, NASA became more determined in their work. Scientists tightened the security measures for astronauts. From then until Apollo 6 they conducted uncrewed missions. Through this, NASA has conducted many tests on safety and other issues. That’s why after Apollo 1 there were no more accidents in this mission.
Apollo 7 was launched into Earth orbit on October 11, 1968. After more than a week in orbit, Apollo 7 returned on October 22. This mission was also a milestone for NASA. The crew members thus gained a better understanding of the intricacies of the rocket’s service and command modules. Along with this, the experience of humans working together with machines in space was also gained.
Apollo 8 was the first lunar mission after the success of Apollo 7. It was the second manned mission of the Apollo project. Much depended on the success of this mission. In this expedition, for the first time man was able to go from Earth’s orbit to Moon’s orbit. It was the farthest human journey outside of Earth. Apollo 8 took off on December 21, 1968 with three astronauts James Lovell, William Anders and Commander Frank Borman. The spacecraft orbits the moon 10 times. After 6 days on December 27, it returned to Earth. It was this mission that paved the way for subsequent lunar missions. The expedition also searched for a suitable landing site for the future Apollo program. It was through this mission that NASA made major improvements in navigation systems and developed new techniques. Astronauts also took pictures of the rise of the Earth on the surface of the Moon.
In a statement amid NASA’s row over the lunar mission, the Soviet Union said it wanted to launch manned missions to other parts of the solar system rather than win a silver medal in the lunar mission competition. For that purpose, on January 10, 1969, they sent a probe called Venus 6 to Venus. As the Russian spacecraft parachuted into Venus’ atmosphere, it continued to transmit data for 51 minutes. In fact, the Russian plan was to show the world that what the United States sends people, they can do at a lower cost by sending machines. But that was the end of the day for them. I will come to that later.
On March 3, 1969, NASA launched the Apollo 9 mission to the moon from the Kennedy Space Center. This year’s expeditions are astronauts James McDivitt, David Scott and Rusty Schweickert. This 10-day campaign was carried out in the orbit of the earth. It tested the first manned Lunar Excursion Module (LEM) or Chandravela to land on the lunar surface. A link is established in space between the Lunar Module and the Command Module. In addition, the new self-contained spacesuit was tested in this mission. Apollo 9 returned to Earth on March 13 after testing.
Apollo 10 was sent into lunar orbit on May 18 of that year. This mission can be called a copy of Apollo 11. It was sent to perform a final functionality check just two months before the Apollo 11 mission. It consisted of service and command modules; Whose name was ‘Charlie Brown’. It also had a lunar module called ‘Snoopy’. Apollo 10 could have landed on the moon. But they were already strictly forbidden. So the Lunar Module was separated from the Command Module and could not land on the Moon. Instead, three astronauts John Young, Thomas Stafford and Jean Carnan came closest to the moon for the first time in human history. In fact, the mission involved detaching the Lunar Module from the Command Module and then reattaching them. While Yang was in charge of the command module, Thomas and Jean visited the proposed landing zone for the future Apollo 11. Their distance from the lunar surface was only 14 thousand 500 meters.
Thus, after Kennedy’s historic announcement, all preparations for the moon landing ended in eight long years. Now came that Mahendra time, July 16, 1969. Apollo 11 started the adventure in human history. Aboard the rocket were three astronauts—Command Module Pilot Michael Collins, Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin, and Commander Neil Armstrong.
Stephen Conive Armstrong and Viola Louise Engel were married on October 8, 1929. A year later, on August 5 of the following year, Neil Alden Armstrong was born in a farmhouse 6 miles from the small town of Wapakoneta, Ohio. Father Stephen settled in the United States from the Scottish Borders. On the other hand, his mother’s family came from Germany. Being an auditor by profession, father Stephen had to run from one state to another. The entire family had to live in a total of 16 cities before Neel was 14 years old. However, when Neil was 14, the family permanently settled in Wapakoneta.
When Neil was only two years old, his father Stephen took him to see the Cleveland Air Races. Ever since then, Blue has been inclined to fly in the sky. That passion turned into a dream after taking his first flight at the age of six. So, after a lot of effort, he got a student pilot’s license. That day was his 16th birthday. Interestingly, He still did not have a driving license. However, he did not think it necessary to take it. Then started dreaming of becoming a professional pilot. But aside from the financial problems of the family. Technical education was needed to fulfill the dream of becoming a professional pilot. But the family could not afford to send Neil to college. When Neil almost gave up, an opportunity came in 1947. The US Navy has announced a scholarship to study at the university. But in exchange, after completing the studies, you have to serve in the navy. Neil had no intention of going into the military. But he applied to it under a kind of compulsion. It was approved without any hindrance. On the advice of one of his high school teachers, Neel went to Purdue University in the state of Indiana, a renowned aeronautical engineering school at the time. But after only 18 months, he finished his studies and sent him to Florida for flight training
A few days later, the Korean War began. A few days later, Neel was called into the war. So he crossed over to Korea on June 28, 1951. He had to conduct a total of 78 combat operations in the Korean War. At the beginning of 1952, he could finally return to the country. Neil resigned from the Navy after returning home. After that, he started studying at Purdue University again. There he met Janet Elizabeth Sharon. Neil was 22 at the time. And Sharon’s 18. So it didn’t take long for the chemical reaction to happen between the body and mind of the two. However, Mukhchora could not tell Sharon about Neel’s heart in time.
Neil graduated in Aeronautical Engineering in 1955. A job as a research pilot with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics soon became ripe. This time the work is at Edward Air Force Base in the San Gabriel Mountains in California’s Dhu Dhu Desert.
A few days after getting the job, Neel gathered some courage and proposed marriage to Sharon one day. Although Donomona was initially reluctant, Sharon agreed after a few days. The two got married on January 28 next year. Neil and Sharon start their family in a small cabin in the desert. The cabin at Juniper Hill had no electricity or running water. The lodge was full of rough Joshua trees and poisonous rattlesnakes. However, Neel later mentioned that this difficult time is the best time of life. Three children were born to this couple. They have a daughter and two sons, Rick and Mark. His daughter died shortly before the Apollo 11 mission. But the two boys were 12 and 6 respectively.
In 1958, the United States launched the first manned spaceflight, Project Mercury. In the 1960s, NASA sent people to Edward Air Force Base to recruit astronauts for the project. However, Neil had no interest in becoming an astronaut. On February 22, 1962, astronaut John Glenn of that project orbited the Earth three times in less than 5 hours. In this incident, the brave pilot Neel was a little shaken. Astronauts were called for the second time around April of that year. The first batch of astronauts were drawn from the military. But this time civilians are also given a chance. Despite his great experience and skills in aviation, Neil was a little hesitant about whether NASA would even respond to his application. Applicant eligibility was determined by NASA. Applicants must have a college degree in engineering, must not be taller than 6 feet, Age should not be more than 35. Blue-eyed 165-pound blue-eyed Neil Armstrong is 5 feet 11 inches tall. He also has more experience in aviation than any civilian. So he hastily applied. NASA selected 9 civilians to serve. One of them was Neil.
Later that year it was moved to El Lago, near the Manned Spacecraft Center on Clear Lake, in Galveston Bay, 30 miles from Houston. In 1965, Neil was selected as the backup crew for Gemini 5. But in the end, they had to watch Gemini 5’s launch from afar in Houston. He was then selected as the crew of Gemini 8. Neil became the first US civilian in space as command pilot on March 16, 1966. This mission marks the first successful docking of two spacecraft. He returned to earth safely after completing the mission lasting more than 10 and a half hours.
He was then selected as backup crew for Gemini 11 and Apollo 8. But the final opportunity to create history for him came on January 9, 1969. Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin were officially named as the Apollo 11 crew that day. However, among the three members of this mission, NASA decided that Buzz Aldrin would be the first to set foot on the moon. However, in March, NASA suddenly changed its decision. Neel was chosen for the historic move instead of the thunderbolt. Because of this, it is heard that there was a minor conflict between Neel and Baaj. The traditional civil and military conflict. Because Buzz Aldrin came up from the military.
Edwin Buzz Aldrin was born just a few months before Neil Armstrong, on January 20, 1930. He was born at Mountainside Hospital in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, USA. His father is Edwin Eugene Aldrin Sr. and mother is Marion Aldrin. Father was an army aviator during World War I. He later served as the Assistant Commandant at the Army Test Pilot School at McCook Field, Ohio. Baj’s mother was also born in a military family. Aldrin is the youngest of three siblings. Younger sister Fay Ann was two years old. Calling the younger brother ‘brother’, he said ‘market’ half-heartedly, unable to pronounce it properly. From then on, Aldrin’s nickname became the Buzz.
Baz, the second man to set foot on the moon, took the first flight with his father at the age of two. But that journey was not very pleasant. After finishing high school in 1947, he agreed to go to military school on his father’s wish. The father wanted his son to attend the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. But instead of doing that, he entered the Military Academy at West Point in New York. Baz joined the Air Force after completing his studies here. He wanted to become a fighter pilot. After training at an air force base in Nevada, he learned to fly the F-86 fighter interceptor. Then in 1951, he was sent to Seoul, South Korea during the Korean War.
Baz returned to the country after the ceasefire on July 1, 1952. Before going to the Korean War, he met Joan, the daughter of a woman his father knew. There was a little give and take of service. Baz proposed marriage to Joan after seeing auspicious sign back home. The bride did not hesitate to respond. The two got married on 29 December 1954. Two days after the wedding, Buzz had to spend at the Squadron Officer School at Maxwell Field, Alabama. He was then assigned as dean at the Air Force Academy in Colorado. After six months he was promoted to flight instructor.
In 1956 he flew to Bitburg in West Germany with Joan. There he trained to fly the F-100 fighter jet. He returned to the country again in 1959. This time directly joined the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Baz decided to pursue a doctorate in Astronautics to develop a career in the military.
Buzz was 30 years old when Kennedy gave his famous speech in 1961 to launch the mission to the moon. His research was also progressing with great success. In December of the following year, he wrote a thesis entitled Line of Sight Guidance Techniques for Manned Orbital Rendezvous . It was sent to the Space Systems Division of the Air Force in Los Angeles. Because of this thesis, his name became Dr. Rendezvous.
NASA issued a third notice in 1963 seeking a crew for a manned lunar mission. Buzz Aldrin submitted the application. NASA selected 14 new potential astronauts for the service. One of them was Baz. NASA established a new settlement for these astronauts in Nassau Bay next to the Manned Spacecraft Center. The Baz family settled there with two sons, Michael and Andrew, and a daughter, Janice.
After seeing Baz’s background, he is tasked with mission planning. However, even though he was selected as an astronaut, Baz once got annoyed that he was not sent on any mission for a long time. He finally went into space in 1966 on the Gemini 12 mission. He conducted various mechanical tests there for more than five hours. And in 1969, Sabure got the opportunity to go on the Apollo 11 mission.
Apollo 11 reached lunar orbit on July 19, according to the US schedule. The next day on July 20, 100 hours and 12 minutes after leaving the surface, Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin boarded the Eagle from Columbia. Eagle undocked from Columbia shortly after. Now their destination is the surface of the moon.
As one, the Eagle was a self-contained astronaut. It was 6.9 meters high and 6.3 meters in diameter. About 1600kg and above deck accommodation for two adventurers. The spacecraft was built in such a way that it would not be affected by extreme temperature variations in space and would not be rendered useless by minor accidents.
From the lunar orbit for about two and a half hours, they descend towards the lunar surface at a very smooth speed. The landing site of the previous expedition was fixed at the Sea of Tranquility. Ocean of tranquility in simple Bengali. Aldrin kept a sharp eye on the Eagle’s control equipment. Blue, on the other hand, had his eyes on the lunar surface, looking for a convenient landing spot. The eagle is gradually descending under the pull of the moon’s gravity. Only five minutes left to land on the lunar surface. At that time, an alarm sounded in Chandravela. Navojana’s computer showed an error, whose code is 1202. The distance of the eagle from the lunar surface was only 9 thousand meters. But neither Neil Armstrong nor Buzz Aldrin understood what the signal was. US ground control in Houston didn’t understand it either. In the end, coming so close to the moon, do they have to go back or not? Attempting to go back at the very last moment can cause another danger. At the same time, Mission Control was referring to their manuals to find the meaning of the 1202 error code. In the meantime, another alarm signal sounded in Eagle. Mission Control then added hair-raising excitement. But no solution is available.
The two eagle explorers had other thoughts. The whole world is now looking at them. They are silently saying, at any cost, the mission must be completed by landing on the lunar soil. At this time, the order came from the mission control to finish the operation as per the previous plan.
As Aldrin looks at the Eagle’s row of control panels trying to figure out if the distress signal is a computer software error, Neil Armstrong is in another danger. They have passed their designated landing spot due to distress signals. The eagle would crash into the lunar soil and break into pieces if it landed in the area that is now visible below. The two of them will just fall under the moon.
Meanwhile, the fuel indicator shows that the Eagle has only one minute left in its fuel tank to land on the moon. In the meantime they must get down there, or go back. Of course, coming so close to the moon and returning is not a trivial matter. Danger can happen there too. The distance between the lunar surface and the eagle was only 100 meters. Just then Neil Armstrong hurriedly fixed a landing spot through the Eagle’s window. With only 30 seconds of fuel left to land, Buzz Aldrin began to land on a fairly smooth surface on the moon’s gray chest. As soon as it got close to the ground, the dust of the moon turned gray all around due to the blow of gas coming out of the Eagle’s engine at a high speed.
Blue and Buzz were completely in the dark as to what happened to Eagle’s fate during the last few meters of descent. Did he even land on the moon? The blue contract light on the control panel should light up if the eagle foot lands safely on the lunar surface. The two explorers waited for the light to turn on. In a few seconds, time seemed to them to be the least amount of time. Finally, yes finally the blue light came on. It means that the three-legged eagle has finally landed on the moon. The two explorers breathed a sigh of relief. The workers at the control center in Houston could also breathe. It was 21 July 1969, 2:30 PM Bangladesh time. However, it is still July 20 in the United States.
But the danger did not stop here. There was a third danger, when ice froze in the fuel lines after landing. The problem is, it increases the pressure in the fuel line and threatens to burst at some point. And if that really happens, Neel and Baz may have to spend the rest of their lives on the moon until they die. Because then the eagle can no longer launch from the lunar surface. But the fate of the adventurers must be told well. They were able to clear the line before it burst and crashed. In this way Blue and Baz were saved from danger three times.
It was pre-arranged that Neel and Baz would sleep for a few hours after landing on the moon. Then descend to the lonely white and black land of the moon. But coming so close to the creation of history, what sleep comes to the eyes? The two explorers could not meet their eyes. But half asleep, half awake, they rested on the second floor of the Eagle for about four hours. Then came the historical moment.
The communication technology of 1969 was many times behind compared to today. Watch Live on Facebook, YouTube, Nor was there a TV set in the house. The only possession was the radio. And few people had television that day. So many people were sitting in front of the radio that day. He was listening to the narrative. Some were straining to see the astronauts on the surface of the moon with binoculars. But it is not possible from such a distance. One fifth of the world’s people are sitting in front of the TV set. Images sent from a camera set on the underside of the Eagle show ladders emerging from the Eagle. A moment later, Armstrong was vaguely seen on the scene. Along with that, his mechanical voice is coming across a long way. Neil Armstrong took the first step down the ladder. The whole world forgot to breathe. Neel started coming down slowly one step at a time. He paused at the bottom of the nine-step ladder. A little scared? The audience sitting in front of the TV set was also afraid of the unknown that day. Be it a thousand outside the world
Mother Viola Armstrong was sitting in front of the TV watching her son’s adventure Chandrajoy with deep interest while sitting in her home. Neil Armstrong spent his childhood in this house in Wapakoneta, Ohio, USA. Looking at the night sky from this house, he once dreamed of flying in the sky. Viola Armstrong once feared that the moon’s soil might be too soft. like cheese Neel may sink deep into the ground in the blink of an eye as soon as he steps there. But due to the variation in the Moon’s gravitational force, Neil’s weight was reduced by six times that of the Earth (165 pounds).
Of course, if there is really a terrible danger by landing on the moon, what will happen? What if Armstrong’s spaceship was completely destroyed? What if they never come back to earth? NASA and the US administration thought long before the mission. They had prepared in advance for that possible danger. If Eagle had been crippled for some reason, Blue and Buzz could have survived for a few hours at most using the oxygen cylinders on their backs. Then the historical death would happen. Because there was no hope of their rescue. A priest was therefore appointed to carry out the celestial interstitial of blue and thunder from earth to Christianity. Interestingly, then US President Richard Nixon recorded a televised address to the nation immediately. In that speech, Nixon reportedly said:
‘Good evening, my fellow Americans. Tonight I want to speak of a deep concern for all Americans and for all people around the world. Misfortune has intervened for humans on a peaceful exploration of the moon. They will now rest in the peace of the moon. These two brave men, Neil Armstrong and Edward Aldrin, know there is no hope of rescue. But they also know, through their sacrifice, there is still hope for mankind.’
Fortunately, the video ended up not needing to be aired on TV. Blue can safely descend to the moon by climbing the eagle’s ladder. Stepping onto the moon, he famously said, ‘That was one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind.’ Vyas, Neel painted his footprints in fine dust like powder on the chest of the moon. Through this he became the first man to set foot on the moon.
Of course, it is not the case that Armstrong suddenly made the statement after landing on the moon. In fact, NASA had already decided what Armstrong would say and do at this time. Again, some controversy was born about that statement he said. Some claim that Armstrong never uttered the ‘A’ word. It changes the meaning of the saying. Others say he pronounced the ‘a’ correctly, but for mechanical reasons it was not heard.
However, when Neel descends on the Moon, the Sun has fallen lower in the Moon’s sky. The length of the sun’s five-foot-11-inch blue shadow was seen lengthening on the gray ground of the moon. He was surprised to see his own 35 feet long shadow. Buzz Aldrin joined Neil Armstrong on the lunar surface about 20 minutes later. When he got down there and saw the desert like a desert, he saw the lunar surface and said, ‘A wonderful sight. Extraordinary solitude.’
Who knows whether this has been taught in advance. But what to do on the moon was already decided. So Neel and Baz got down to work without a moment’s delay. First they look around. Place the equipment on the lunar soil for some scientific experiments. Because of this, the distance between the Earth and the Moon was determined to the nearest centimeter. Neel and Baz also placed a metal plaque on the lunar surface to commemorate the first man’s steps on the moon. The plaque was inscribed: ‘In July, 1969, here man from Earth first set foot on the lunar soil. We brought the message of peace for all mankind.’
In addition to these, parts of the clothing used by Grissom, White, Chaffee are placed on the lunar soil in memory of the unfortunate explorers who died in the lunar expedition. And there were two medals. Two medals were awarded to Russian cosmonauts Yuri Gagarin and Vladimir Komarov. A silicon disk and an olive tree branch are also kept. Greetings from 73 world leaders, including US presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon, were engraved on the silicon disk. And the olive branch was kept as a symbol of peace. After giving so much to the moon, it is time to take something from it. There is very little time at hand. The time to return is approaching. So this time, as a memorial, Blue or Lightning hastily picked up about 23 kilograms of moon rock and earth. They did not have time to list them properly. If you calculate the cost, it took only 100,000 dollars to collect each gram of moon soil and rock.
Before that, on September 12, 1959, the Soviet Union sent a spacecraft called Luna 2 to the moon. It was the first man-made object sent to the moon. Two days later, at a speed of about three and a half kilometers per second, it crashed into the rocky soil of the moon. But the service work that was done was a matter of great pride for the Soviets. The Soviet symbol hammer and sickle painted on Luna 2 and the writing CCCP remained intact on the lunar surface. Later, in 1966, the Russians landed Luna 9 in a controlled manner. Needless to say, It also had the socialist brand symbol painted on it. So Americans want such a symbol on the moon. That is why the US Nixon administration decided to plant the US flag there. So now it’s time to plant the US flag on the moon. Before the Apollo 11 mission, there was a lot of controversy about carrying this flag. There is no air on the moon. So the flag will not fly there. Because of that, the flag was already brought with a strong stamp. Again two rods were tied on both sides to keep it taut like a curtain. But even after so much trouble, the flag could not be kept firmly on the ground of the moon. Unfortunately, the moon’s surface was very hard. So with a lot of effort, Neel was able to push the flagpole only a few inches. Because of that, when the Eagle left the ground of the moon, the gas coming out of the engine at a high speed caused the flag to fall face down. The moon’s surface was very hard. So with a lot of effort, Neel was able to push the flagpole only a few inches. Because of that, when the Eagle left the ground of the moon, the gas coming out of the engine at a high speed caused the flag to fall face down. The moon’s surface was very hard. So with a lot of effort, Neel was able to push the flagpole only a few inches. Because of that, when the Eagle left the ground of the moon, the gas coming out of the engine at a high speed caused the flag to fall face down. The moon’s surface was very hard. So with a lot of effort, Neel was able to push the flagpole only a few inches. Because of that, when the Eagle left the ground of the moon, the gas coming out of the engine at a high speed caused the flag to fall face down. The moon’s surface was very hard. So with a lot of effort, Neel was able to push the flagpole only a few inches. Because of that, when the Eagle left the ground of the moon, the gas coming out of the engine at a high speed caused the flag to fall face down.
After spending about two hours on the moon, Neel and Baz boarded the eagle at the appointed time. This time their destination is the Command Module rotating in lunar orbit. Commander Michael Collins is waiting for them there.
Then Command Module pilot Michael Collins continues Columbia into lunar orbit. lonely, alone He has already circled the moon 12 times. There is no sound anywhere but a soft monotonous mechanical sound. Collins describes the feeling of that time in his autobiography, Carrying the Fire . He recalled that every time he went to the far side of the moon, all communication with Earth was completely cut off. ‘I was completely alone. separated from any real organism.’
He already knew that he would have to be alone in this historic expedition to the moon. After being selected as an astronaut for Apollo 11, Collins was asked if he would have to go solo in lunar orbit while his two companions would walk around on the lunar surface. Is he disappointed because of this? In response, Sojasapta said, ‘If I say that my seat is the best among the three seats, then it will be a lie or a fool’s talk. But all three seats are important in this campaign. I also want to land on the moon, who does not want? But I am a part of this concerted campaign. Despite everything, I am happy to go on this expedition. I will go 99.9 percent of the way through the campaign, but I am not disappointed at all.’ This is Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins.
Collins was born in Rome, Italy, on October 31, 1930, not in the United States. Michael Collins was the second of four children of US Army officer James Lawton Collins. Mother Virginia Stewart’s family settled in the United States from Ireland. For the first 17 years after birth, Collins had to travel to different countries due to his father’s job. James Lawton Collins was serving in Rome at the time of his birth.
During World War II, they moved to the capital, Washington DC. Collins finished school there in 1948. He joined the Air Force in 1952 after completing his Bachelor’s degree in Military Science. He was sent to Nevada Air Force Base for advanced fighter pilot training. He also trained in nuclear bomb attacks. In 1954, he was sent in charge of the F-86 fighter squadron at the NATO base in France. Two years later, he met a civilian worker named Patricia Finnegan there. Shortly after that, the two got engaged. The two got married on April 28, 1957. A few months later they returned to the United States. He was given the responsibility of trainer. In 1960, he joined the Experimental Test Pilot School at Edward Air Force Base.
In 1962, NASA published a second round of circulars looking for potential astronauts. Collins requested service. However, his application for service was rejected. In 1963, he also applied for the third round of NASA notification. NASA selected 14 servicemen, one of whom was Collins. The Collins family, along with Buzz Aldrin’s, moved to Nassau Bay with son Michael and two daughters, Kathleen and Ann.
His house was very close to Aldrin’s house. Naturally, his affinity with Buzz was a little too high. So when Collins met Buzz after the successful docking of Eagle and Columbia back from the surface of the moon, he embraced him with great emotion. After a while, he kissed Baj’s forehead. Collins also hugged Neil Armstrong, the first man to land on the moon.
The campaign was successful, now it’s time to return home. The three explorers began to return to Earth as winners. Three days later, on July 24, their spacecraft returned to Earth orbit. After a while, he descended into the Pacific Ocean with three parachutes. They returned after approximately 195 hours and 18 minutes of departure from Earth. The US Navy USS Hornet rescued them off the coast of Hawaii.
Naturally, they got the honor of being heroes when they returned home. However, they are quarantined for three weeks in a closed room to check if any unknown germs have come with them from the chest of the moon. Then they went on a world tour. However, it was organized by the US administration to let the world know about the victory of the US. Dhaka was also on their travel list. This is how the United States defeated the Soviet Union in the space race in the Russo-American Cold War.
The question may arise, why the Soviet Union did not send a man to the moon. In fact, the then Russian president wanted to show the world that the same work that the United States does by sending people, they can do by sending machines. The Soviet Union sent Luna 15 to the moon at the same time as the Apollo 11 mission. But it could not land successfully. There is no doubt that the idea of sending the machine is good, but in doing so, the Soviet Union lost the competition to the world. Because the thrill of setting foot on a Himalayan peak, the thrilling thrill, the motivation to be adventurous, cannot be achieved by sending machines. Neil Armstrong’s footprints on the lunar soil evoke that tingle in our minds.
Still, NASA has sent people to the moon five more times. Still, 10 more people have set foot on the moon. But most people remember only the first one. People remember Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, conquerors of Mount Everest, the inaccessible peaks of the Himalayas. But then till now how many people are climbing Everest every day, people don’t care about the news. That is why the world did not remember the first American astronaut, but remembered the world’s first astronaut, Yuri Gagarin. For the same reason, the Apollo 11 mission is more important than other NASA lunar missions. The life-threatening adventure Neal, Buzz and Collins took part in 50 years ago today is still one of the most important events of the 20th century for the world. Even in the twenty-first century, its importance has not faded so much. Until we set foot on Mars, that expectation is pretty strong.
Apollo 11/David Whitehouse, Icon Books, 2019
1969: The Year Everything Changed / Rob Kirkpatrick, Skyhorse Publishing, 2009
Carrying Fire: An Astronaut’s Journey/Michael Collins, Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, April 2019
BBC Sky at Night Magazine, August 2019
Life Magazine: Moon Landing, 2019
Life Magazine: Neil Armstrong, 2019
Science Thought, July 2019
Man in Space / Pradip Chandra Bose, Anand Publishers, 2015
Desh Patrika, 17 July 2019